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Why should we use Seperator and Inhibitor?

Due to the fact that they are produced from limestone-dominated reservoirs, the underground hot waters in many of our country’s geothermal fields are in equilibrium with the melted substances they contain under reservoir conditions. Evaporation and gasification events that occur during the production of these waters lead to an increase in pH. Therefore, CO2, which is initially in the form of carbonic acid in geothermal waters, first turns into bicarbonate and then carbonate ions, creating an imbalance in the chemical content of the geothermal fluid, which is in equilibrium with its minerals. This imbalance causes anion-cation pairs such as Ca++, Mg++, Sr++, CO3= and SO4=, which are in a supersaturated state, to form compounds that are undesirable in geothermal applications. If no precautions are taken, the alkaline earth carbonate crystals in the supersaturated fluid, which is in constant flow throughout the production-injection equipment, grow and form hard shells by adhering to the equipment surfaces when it finds a suitable environment. These hard crusts, which form on production wells and above-ground rigs that produce high-temperature fluids, can generally be avoided to some degree in one of three ways:

1. Adjusting the carbonate-bicarbonate balance with pH and CO2 partial pressure,

2. To clean the formed crust periodically with acid or drill,

3. To prevent crust formation with a separator and an appropriate inhibitor,




Separators are used to separate the water and steam mixtures produced from the well into water and steam at certain pressure. Open top separators where the separation is made in atmospheric conditions are known as silencers. As can be understood from the names of the mufflers, another task is to reduce the noise of the fluid that comes out of the end pipe with a great noise. At the same time, it also prevents damages to the environment if the fluid is released directly into the atmosphere. They are single or double vertical cylindrical systems. In order to take advantage of the centrifugal force, the flowing inputs are directed as teet. While the flow rate of the steam separated in the separator is measured with orifices, the steam leaving the silencer is thrown into the atmosphere from the upper part of the silencer.


Limestone is formed in untreated geothermal waters.

Well Dosing System